In the present era, Williamson
diamond mine is
known to be one of the biggest open pit mines. It is at present about 90
meters which would be somewhere around 300 ft below the ground. Dr.
Williamson, discovered the site and was known to be the first owner and
called the site "Mwadui" named after a local chief; "Williamson" and "Mwadui".
Currently both the names are now interchangeably used to refer to the
largest diamond mine in the world.
There are mainly four distinct activities
that are composed in the Diamond mining operations at the Williamson
diamond mine. The operations are concerned with the pit, the
re-treatment of tailings to pull through all the missed diamonds. Apart
from them also gravel mining both on the land that is adjoining to the
property where gravel has been alluvial deposited. The open pit mining
and tailings re-treatment are some of the largest of the four operations
that are carried out in that mine and has almost employed more than
thousand staff workers to execute the operations.
At the moment, another diamond mine that
competes amongst the lot is the company hat operates in South Africa
during. It is called De Beers Company which was founded by Cecil Rhodes.
It was initiated on a farm that was owned by two Boer War settlers
called brothers D. A. and J. N. De Beer. The De Beer brothers then
decided to sell it out to a group of mining syndicates in the year 1873
who later amalgamated with Cecil Rhodes' which then impelled the company
to be know as 'De Beers Consolidated Mines.'
At the Crater
of Diamonds State Park in Murfreesboro, Arkansas is one and
only one mine that is open to the public. This diamond mine which is
given the name of the Crater of Diamonds presents to people an
exceptional and beyond compare adventure and one of the greatest
opportunities that you will ever receive in your life time. It s to
fetch for real diamonds and
also at the same time you could keep them if you find any. They offer
audio and visual program that further explains to people the area's
geology and some pointers as to how to distinguish diamonds in the
rough. The Crater of Diamonds State is recorded to have more than 60,000
people that visit them each year.
For that matter even Angola has
wide-ranging diamond reserves mines. Some of them include the Catoca,
Fucauma and Luarica diamond mines. Whereas in the Botswana there is The
Damtshaa, Jwaneng, Letlhakane and Orapa diamond
mines. There has been an approximation at 180 million carats.
This is essentially stored in the provinces of Lunda Norte and Lunda Sul.
They are located in the central and northeastern parts of the country.
Natural diamond sources have been
discovered in approximately 35 different countries around the World
across several continents leading to the establishment of diamond mines.
The diamond mines in Russia, Botswana and South Africa are the world’s
major gem quality diamond producers and the diamond mines in Australia
is the major industrial diamond producers.
The diamond mines in Africa are mostly
situated in South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of
Congo, Angola, Tanzania and Sierra Leone. In the central part of South
Africa you will find the Baken, Cullinan, Finsch, Kimberley,
Koffiefontein, the Oaks and the Venetia diamond mines. Bea Mountains,
Grand Cape, Kpo Range Project, Nimba Diamond Concession are situated in
Liberia. India is the only country out of the lot that washed off its
source of diamonds mines centuries ago. One and only one active diamond
mine lingering in India is situated at Panna in the central Indian state
of Madhya Pradesh. In September during the year 1991 diamonds were
exposed only in Canada at the Lac De Gras region. This was some place
close to the Northwest Territories of Canada. Further on there are
several Canadian diamond mines that are set up in Alberta, Saskatchewan,
Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec. Research also indicated that Arkansas,
Wyoming and Colorado are a few of the only states to have a provable and
certifiable foundation of diamonds.
in central South Africa is one of the blessed places as it houses some
of the most richest diamond-bearing kimberlite dykes
on earth and is thereby making South African one of the major diamond
Venetia Diamond Mine is just another
feather to the hat of the most distinguished diamond mine in this
province of South Africa. It is an open-pit diamond mine that created
more than forty percent of the world's most superlative diamonds.
Started in the year 1992, and is the De Beers Company's flagship
operation in the present era. The Diamonds are extracted without
interrupting the kimberlite within the pit. It is also hauled
out from the overshot-zone using drilling
or at times even blasting.
More information on diamonds, jewelry can
be found here.
Brazil's Diamond Route
List of active diamond mines
around the globe